kVA to amps Calculator
kVA or also known as kilovolt-amps is a type of measurement for the electrical circuit apparent power. A single kVA has the equivalent of 1,000 volt-amps. This measurement are typical used for measuring the apparent power in transformers and generators.
On the other hand, amps are a form of measurement for the electrical current within a circuit.
What is the formula for kVA to amps?
In case of single phase = kVA x 1,000 / E
In case of two phase four wire = kVA x 1,000 / E x2
In case of three phase = kVA x 1,000 / E x 1.73
Definition of each element in the calculation
- kVA (kilovolt ampere) – this is a unit of apparent power that can be found in an electric circuit, with an equivalent of 1,000 volt-amperes. These vol-amperes are especially useful for alternating current (AC) circuits.
- amps (ampere) – an ampere is a unit of measurement for the rate of electrons that flows or current in a certain electrical conductor. A single ampere of current is equivalent to one coulomb of electrical charge (or 6.24 x 10^18 charge carriers) that moves past a specific point in just one second.
- E (voltage) – is defined as the electric potential difference, electric tension or electric pressure. It is the difference in the electric potential between two different points.
How to do the calculation?
Single Phase – the current in a single circuit is a ratio of 1,000 multiplied to kVA to voltage = [kVA x 1,000] / E
Example: Determine the amount of electric current that’s flowing through a 200 volt, 5 kVA generator.
Solution: [5 x 1,000] / 200 = 25 A
Two-Phase – in order to calculate two (2) circuits is similar to the first one. The only difference lies on the denominator = [kVA x 1,000] / E x 2
Example: Determine the amperage that passes by a 10 kVA, 2 phase circuit with an operating voltage of 250 V.
Solution: [10 x 1,000] / 250 x 2 = 20 A
Three Phase – lastly, the three-phase kVA is calculated by the ratio of 1,000 multiplied by the kVA to 1.73 times the voltage = [kVA x 1,000] / E x 1.73
Example: A voltage of 400, 5 kVA with 3 phase generator that operates at full load. Determine the current passing through it.
Solution: [5 x 1,000] / 400 x 1.73 = 7.23 A
Important tips & conclusion
The idea of converting kVA to ampere may sound complicated to those people who are unfamiliar with circuits and generator terminologies.
However, as technical as it sounds, calculating a single phase, two (2) phases, and three (3) phases are all actually very simple.
You will just be needing to memorize the simple formula [kVA x 1,000] / E for the single-phase, and change the denominator by E x 2 for the two (2) phase, or change the denominator by E x 1.73 for the three (3) phase.